Upper Silesia - Industrial Monuments Route
by Anna wanna - 3 years, 9 months ago
Situated in the South part of Poland Upper Silesia used to be an industrial heart of Poland. Nowadays, when most of the mines and inworks are closed we can still admire austere and incredibly mysterious architecture which brings us memories of the golden age of this region. Rich deposits of a "black gold" - coal made Upper Silesia extremely important point for industry. That is the reason why Poland and Germany were fighting for influences in this region. Turbulent history also contributes to creation of a specific minority with its own culture, habits and dialect - Silesians for which their "little homeland" (how they say about Silesia) is the most beautiful and important place all over the world. Silesians are proud about place they live in and industrial history of Upper Silesia so they created an amazing Industrial Monuments Route. Following it You can visit remains of the biggest and the most important places of industrial history of region being a part of European Route of Industrial Heritage like The Combined Heat and Power Plant Szombierki in Bytom city and Wilson Shaft Gallery in Katowice which nowadays are lively, cultural places organizing music, film and audiovisual festivals in their vast indoors what create unique, uncanny atmosphere. Furthermore we can move into the past at GUIDO Coal Mine where we can feel like a professional miner just for a while. Established in 1885 Coal Mine GUIDO discovers in front of us mysteries of miners everyday work called "szychta" taking tourists down to the levels of 170 and 320 meters under the surface. What is more we can take a part into artistic events like concerts or theatre play also in exceptional atmosphere of the underground chambers. After visit in coal mine a great idea is to visit the place where minors live with their families. During Your visit in Upper Silesia you have to visit Giszowiec Settlement which used to be a miners colony of the "Giesche" mine. Designed by Emil and George Zillmann in the years 1906-1910 colony is an exceptional example of "garden-town". The picturesque colony is the background of many films about Silesia, including a film story on the demolition of the settlement in the picture “The Beads of One Rosary” by Kazimierz Kutz. Close to the Giszowiec is located another miners colony called Nikiszowiec (built in 1908-1915) which offers us totally different atmosphere with their narrow, paved streets and brick tenement houses for miners called "familoki" It is a perfect place to try local cuisine. Being in Upper Silesia you have to try local meat called "rolada" with vegetable filling served with Silesian dumplings and red cabbage- typical dinner of a minor:) Strolling along narrow, paved alleys, feeding pigeons (keeping that birds is a tradition in Upper Silesia) and admiring original, red windows you can forget about whole world.
Photos from : http://www.zabytkitechniki.pl